No. 68 Suqadron R.A.F.                 No. 310 (Czechoslovak) Squadron R.A.F.                 No. 311 (Czechoslovak) Squadron R.A.F.                 No. 312 (Czechoslovak) Squadron R.A.F.                 No. 313 (Czechoslovak) Squadron R.A.F.

Po pádu Francie v červnu 1940 se Čechoslováci stali znovu uprchlíky. Některým se podařilo přeletět do Anglie i s letounem, ostatní byli evakuováni na holandských, britských a polských válečních lodích z přístavů  Bordeaux a Port Vendres. Vetšina z nich však čekala v severní Africe, aby mohla být dopravena několika transporty z přístavu Casablanca. Na těcthto lodích bylo evakuováno přes 4000 čs. vojáků a téměř 500 civilistů.  Poslední transport byl zakotvil v anglických výsostných vodách 18. srpna 1940. V tu dobu čekalo přesně 932 Čechoslováků na svoji šanci podílet se na odražerní vzdušného nepřítele. Toto číslo je celkem asi 90% celkového původního počtu ve Francii. Zbytek těch pilotů, kterým se nepodařilo z Afriky do Anglie dostat, přicházel postupně v roce 1940 a 1941. Mnozí z nich měli velmi dramatické žážitky a nezřídka se stávalo, že se museli do Británie dopravit přes Ameriku či Austrálii.
   The Britons, in a close danger of the Nazi invasion to the Islands, were desperately seeking as many pilots and soldiers as possible. And Czechosloavks were a great help. They saw action in France, some of them even in Poland. They were well trained and had good abilities and an extremely high motivation against the enemy. No more now were they just 'some unknown nation in the Middle Europe' as it was before two years during the München Clerk...
   12th June 1940 was arranged Czechoslovak General Flight Inspectorate (CIG) and as its leader assigned General (AVM) Karel Janousek by the president Edvard Benes. The same day was also formed the first Czechoslovak Squadron in Great Britian on Duxford airfield near Cambridge - the No. 310 Squadron and as its leader named Major (S/Ldr) Alexander Hess. Also that same day a Czechoslovak bomber Squadron was created on Cosford airfield - the No. 311. It was led by Sub Colonel (W/C) Karel Toman-Mares. On 5th September, when the Battle of Britian was in its top, another fighter squadron was formed. It was the No. 312, under leading of Major Jan Ambrus.
The fighters were quickly re-trained to Hawker Hurricanes, the bombers got two engined bombers Vickers Wellington. All these squadrons participated on the Battle of Britain, scoring 82,5 enemy aircraft destroyed in the air. The No. 311 played an offensive role in this part. They contra-attacked targets in France, Germany, Holland and Belgium.
   On 10th May 1941 was formed the last Czechoslovak unit - the No. 313 and as its ledaer named Captain (F/Lt) Josef Jaske. But these days also members of a famous night unit - the No. 68 - were celebrating achievements. First Czechoslovak pilots came there on 1 July 1941 and when the number was growing fast, it was decided to estabilish a whole Czechoslovak night flight in frames of the No. 68. It was declared operational on 20 January 1941 on Catterick airfield, as its leader assigned Captain Vlastimil Veselý.

 

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