The '1938 - 1945' chapter in the Czech and Slovak history is one of the most tragic ones but it also gave space to show an unbilieveable encouragement, honour and devotion. The Czechoslovakian brave men left their beloved and progressing country, destroyed by the evil forces of Nazism, between the years 1938 - 1940. Some of them also managed during the war, but this was obviously more difficult and dangerous. Their families and relatives stuck in the Protectorate, and most of them sent to concentration camps eventually.
The worst thing of all was when the rest of the anti-Nazi fighters, who survived this horrible war, were able to live in freedom for only next three years after their return to homeland. In 1948 communist party took power in Czechoslovakia. It's first step was to eliminate all people that with a democratic mind and who knew really what does it mean... This part of the nation represented a great danger for the the Party - so it started to blame them from all relevant and irrelevant crimes, making fake trails and even executing the leader persons, like Eastern army general Heliodor Pika or a well-known Foreign Minister Jan Masaryk, son of the the first president Tomas Garrigue Masaryk. In this atmosphere most of the Western (but also many Eastern who fought in Soviet Union) members started to escape again. Those who did not manage or weren't able were imprisoned in labour camps and had to work hardly in uranium mines. The high leaders were in most cases executed by the Party.
Suddenly the regime turned from a democratic to a completely Red. The people who were lucky enough to escape were soon all over the world. It is called the 'second exile' or the 'third ressistance'. Many of them went back to offer their service to the British Royal Air Force.
The others who stayed or did not have the chance to emigrate went through a horrible experience. First they have been spied by the state secret police, then relegated, kicked out from the army, soon after that also from their homes and finally imprisoned in the uranium mines. The worst fact for them was probably that they were arrested along with the war loosers - SS men and war criminals. Most of them were rehabilitated in the half of the 60's, when the political atmosphere here was looking to shape better... but then the Russain tanks came in 1968 and ocuppied Czechoslovakia for the the next 20 years.
When the Communist regime fell in 1989 here, in what is called a 'Velvet Revolution' a lot of these people were many years dead, others living their own lifes in England, France, USA, Canada, Australia, Israel... Long 40 years after the war ended, they were finally 'official' heros in their own country...